In recent years, only about one half of the CO2 emitted by human activities has remained in the atmosphere. Oceans and the terrestrial biosphere take up the other half, yet the mechanisms and location of the terrestrial "sink" for atmospheric CO2 are poorly understood. This "missing carbon sink" has stirred debate in the scientific community and among policy-makers. Global-scale atmospheric measurements and models indicate that this sink should be in the northern mid-latitudes (i.e., North America, Europe). Other models suggest that the terrestrial sink should be in the tropics because the CO2 fertilization effect (greater atmospheric CO2 concentrations stimulate greater carbon uptake by plants) should be greatest there. There are, however, relatively few actual measurements of whole-system CO2 exchange in the tropics of the kind necessary to resolve this debate.
To contribute essential empirical evidence to this important
debate, we have begun a research project in the Brazilian Amazon as part
of the LBA, The Large
Scale Biosphere-Atmosphere Experiment in Amazonia. LBA is an international
research initiative led by Brazil, focusing on how changes in land use
and climate will affect the chemical, biological, and physical functions
of the amazon region and the global climate. Our project will quantify
the net ecosystem exchange of carbon dioxide and water in a primary forest
site, defining the net source or sink of CO2
from the undisturbed forest.
|THE SITE||EDDY FLUX MEASUREMENTS|
Forest and Atmospheric Measurements
Updated 4 March 2002