Carbon in Amazon forests: unexpected seasonal fluxes and disturbance-induced losses


Scott R Saleska, Scott D Miller, Daniel M Matross, Michael L Goulden, Steven C Wofsy, Humberto R da Rocha, Plinio B de Camargo, Patrick Crill, Bruce C Daube, Helber C de Freitas, Lucy Hutyra, Michael Keller, Volker Kirchhoff, Mary Menton, J. William Munger, Elizabeth Hammond Pyle, Amy H Rice, and Hudson Silva. 11/28/2003. “Carbon in Amazon forests: unexpected seasonal fluxes and disturbance-induced losses.” In Department of Geologyand Geochemistry, 5650th ed., 302: Pp. 1554-1557. Stockholm University, Stockholm 10691, Sweden. DOI


The net ecosystem exchange of carbon dioxide was measured by eddy covariance methods for 3 years in two old-growth forest sites near Santare´m, Brazil. Carbon was lost in the wet season and gained in the dry season, which was opposite to the seasonal cycles of both tree growth and model predictions. The 3-year average carbon loss was 1.3 (confidence interval: 0.0 to 2.0) megagrams of carbon per hectare per year. Biometric observations confirmed the net loss but imply that it is a transient effect of recent disturbance superimposed on long-term balance. Given that episodic disturbances are characteristic of oldgrowth forests, it is likely that carbon sequestration is lower than has been inferred from recent eddy covariance studies at undisturbed sites.
Last updated on 07/16/2021